Nepal is home to a variety of bird species thanks to its specific geography. There are only few other places in the world where the elevation rises from 60m over sea level to more than 7000m so quickly!
Farwest Nepal hosts several bird habitats which you find listed below. Most of them are declared as Important Bird Areas by the organization Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN). Ranging from jungle and wetlands in the Terai up to the mountainous region, they are definitely the right place for bird lovers. Together, they are home to more than 500 bird species! Do not forget your Binoculars and look forward to an exciting experience.
Birds of Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
There are more than 420 bird species representing 15 Orders and 57 bird Families found. This bird diversity is unique in itself. There are 19 globally threatened species that occur here. The Reserve has the largest population of Bengal florican in Nepal. The Reserve is a home for several rare and threatened grassland bird species such as the swamp francolin, grass owl, and Hodgson’s buschchat.
Birds of Khaptad National Park
Khaptad National Park is an isolated massif with the highest point at 3300m. The park is a home for 226 bird species among the common are impeyan phesant (also known as danphe, Nepal’s national bird), and many types of partridges, flycatchers, bulbuls, cuckoos and eagles.
Birds of Ghodagodhi Lake
The Ghodaghodi Lake complex in Kailali district is made up of 14 lakes including the largest lake in Nepal’s Terai. The area is of importance as it represents one of the last intact networks of marshes, swamps and lakes in Far Western Terai. This ecosystem provides important habitats for many water birds.
Birds of Mohana River Corridor
Two km west of Dhangadhi city lies the Mohana River Corridor, a habitat of 110 species of birds (resident and migratory).
South Asia’s Vultures are on the brink of extinction. There has been a decline of 99% in the vulture population in the last 20 years caused by a contamination of the vultures’ food with the veterinary drug diclofenac. To reverse this effect, Vulture Safe Feeding Sites (or Vulture Restaurants) have been established. Here, you can learn more about vulture conservation and see these critically endangered birds in the wild.
Locations of the Vulture Restaurants in Far- and Midwest:
Khutya, Kailali. This site lies on the bank of the Khutiya River (located between Bardia National Park and Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, not far from Attariya, 13 km from Dhangadhi)
Lalmatiya, Dang. This site is situated in Kalika Community Forest. (from Butwal, it is 103 km west to Lalmatiya, Dang District)
Bijauri, Dang. This site is situated at Syalapani in Bhulke CF, Dang District. It is not far from Tulsipur, Dang. (41km from north from Lamahi, Dang, on the East-West Highway)